In May 2012 Richard and Marilyn Jones took a well-earned break to South America (Peru and the Galapogos). This is Richard’s account of the excursion to Machu Picchu by train.
'Marilyn and I recently visited South America, part of our trip took us to Machu Picchu. As you may be aware Machu Picchu was a city built by the Incas around 1450, primarily as a religious site. The city is some 80km west from the Inca capital of Cusco and was never discovered by the Spanish invaders. The city is therefore unique in that the buildings were not plundered or destroyed. Following the invasion the residents of Machu Picchu, cut off from their capital, dispersed into the mountains and the city was left to nature and the jungle, and lay forgotten and undiscovered until 1911 when a local boy led the American historian Hiram Bingham to the site. The Incas would use the trail through the Sacred Valley to walk from Machu Picchu to their capital - a walk that would take 4 to 5 days.
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Railways only came to the valley in the first part of the 20th century. Work on a narrow gauge line (2' 6”) was scheduled to begin in 1907 and progressed slowly on a line west from Cusco.In 1920 the Peruvian government decided the line should be 3' gauge, and was finally opened between Cusco and Anta in 1924. In 1931 the decision was taken to extend the line to Machu Picchu to cater for what was now an increasing number of tourists.

Given the choice of a 4-5 day hike from Cusco or a train ride we decided to take the train! The service we were on was run by PeruRail. Unfortunately due to a landslip outside Cusco in January 2010 (we've been here before!) it wasn't possible to travel the full length of the line so we missed out on the five switchbacks and had to join the train at Ollantaytambo about half way along the line. We joined PeruRail "Vistadome" composed of rebuilt Ferrostaal railcars at 7am for our two-hour journey to Machu Picchu.
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On the way we crossed one of the two new competitors to PeruRail on the Machu Picchu line. This is 905 of Inca Rail which began operating on the line in 2009. Each piece of their rolling stock is named after and Inca ruler. Car 905 is named after Inca Roca the 6th Sapa Inca of the Kingdom of Cusco, so there!
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We then continued on to Machu Picchu, or rather Agues Calientes where we joined a special bus up to the famous Inca site.

At Agues Calientes I managed to snap the other new competitor to PeruRail, Andean Railways loco 101 as it came over the main bridge in the middle of town.
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According to Marilyn trains were not the primary purpose of the journey (so she says) so I have to include a photo of us and our guide at Machu Picchu.

PS On the return journey the crew treated us to a fashion show of various items of knitwear – you don't get that on Virgin Trains!'